Irenaeus van Lyon


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Ireneüs van Lyon (Grieks: Εἰρηναῖος, Eirenaios; Latijn: Irenaeus) (circa 140 – circa 202) is de eerste grote theoloog en kerkvader van de christelijke kerk, na de periode van de apostelen. Zijn betekenis voor de vroeg-christelijke kerk is heel groot geweest. Zijn formulering van de verzoeningsleer werd later, bij het Concilie van Nicea tot grondslag van het christendom uitgeroepen.

–> lees verder op Wikipedia

Irenaeus wrote in Greek many works which have secured for him an exceptional place in Christian literature, because in controverted religious questions of capital importance they exhibit the testimony of a contemporary of the heroic age of the Church, of one who had heard St. Polycarp, the disciple of St. John, and who, in a manner, belonged to the Apostolic Age. None of these writings has come down to us in the original text, though a great many fragments of them are extant as citations in later writers (Hippolytus, Eusebius, etc.).

–> lees verder op New Advent

Ook op Lucepedia wordt Irenaeus op diverse plekken aangehaald.

Werken van Irenaeus


Irenaeus’ major extant writing is the Adversus Haereses (the full title of which is the Refutation and Overthrow of Knowledge falsely so-called). Its composition is dated ca. 180 from the succession lists in which the author names Eleutherus (ca. 174 – ca. 189) as current bishop of Rome (Haer. 3.3.3), although it seems from remarks Irenaeus makes in the prefaces to Haer. 3 and 4 that he followed the practice of sending on the separate books of the work as they were completed. The other complete extant work is the Demonstration [or Proof] of the Apostolic Preaching. It was written after at least the earlier books of Adversus Haereses, to which reference is made in chap. 99. An Armenian version of this long-lost work was discovered in 1904, and Smith (1952: 4-11) discusses its textual history. Eusebius (ca. 263-ca. 339) is the principal source for our knowledge of the lost works of Irenaeus. These include at least the treatises “On the Ogdoad” and “Concerning Knowledge” and letters “On Schism” and “On the Monarchy [of God]” (Eus. Hist. Eccl. 5.20.1), as well as the full text of the letter to Victor already mentioned [c. 188 to c. 198].

–> lees verder op Early Christian writings

Against heresies


1. It is therefore better and more profitable to belong to the simple and unlettered class, and by means of love to attain to nearness to God, than, by imagining ourselves learned and skilful, to be found [among those who are] blasphemous against their own God, inasmuch as they conjure up another God as the Father. And for this reason Paul exclaimed, Knowledge puffs up, but love edifies: 1 Corinthians 8:1 not that he meant to inveigh against a true knowledge of God, for in that case he would have accused himself; but, because he knew that some, puffed up by the pretence of knowledge, fall away from the love of God, and imagine that they themselves are perfect, for this reason that they set forth an imperfect Creator, with the view of putting an end to the pride which they feel on account of knowledge of this kind, he says, Knowledge puffs up, but love edifies.

–> lees het hele boek op New Advent

The proof of the apostolic preaching


18. And for a very long while wickedness extended and spread, and reached and laid hold upon the whole race of mankind, until a very small seed of righteousness remained among them: and illicit unions took place upon the earth, since angels were united with the daughters of the race of mankind; and they bore to them sons who for their exceeding greatness were called giants. And the angels brought as presents to their wives teachings of wickedness,52 in that they brought |86 them the virtues of roots and herbs, dyeing in colours and cosmetics, the discovery of rare substances, love-potions, aversions, amours, concupiscence, constraints of love, spells of bewitchment, and all sorcery and idolatry hateful to God; by the entry of which things into the world evil extended and spread, while righteousness was diminished and enfeebled.

–> lees verder op

Strijd tegen ‘ketterijen’


During the second century many Christians sought to refute the various doctrines that they saw as a threat to Christianity. Eusebius records that Justin wrote Against All Heresies and Against Marcion, and Theophilus of Antioch wrote Against Marcion and Against Hermogenes. All of these writings have been lost except for the record that we have of them in Eusebius. Thus, the earliest heresiologist whose works we have is Irenaeus of Lyons.

–> lees verder op Theopedia